Cookies In Use on This Site

Our website uses cookies to improve your browsing experience.


1. What are Cookies?

A Cookie is a small file composed of letters and numbers and it will be stored on your computer, mobile device or any device you use to access a website. Cookies are not viruses – they do not contain executable codes and they cannot access the information stored on your computer. 


2. What kind of Cookies do we use?

From a temporal viewpoint, we use:

  • Persistent Cookies - they remain on your device for a certain time period. They are used every time you visit the website that created this file. 
  • Session Cookies - these files are temporary and they are erased when the browser is closed. 

Furthermore, from a functionality viewpoint, we use the following types of cookies:

  • Strictly necessary Cookies - they are essential in surfing a website. These files do not collect any user information that could be used in marketing or in tracking the user on the internet.
  • Performance Cookies- they collect anonymous statistical data regarding the use of the website. They do not contain personal information and they are used to improve the user’s experience on the website.
  • Functionality Cookies - by using this type of Cookies, the operator allows the users to choose different options and characteristics of the website – language, region; they keep the consent given to collecting personal data or to use Cookies.

Our website also uses third party cookies – such as Google Analytics. They are used to analyse the internet traffic and they can use cookies or other similar plug-ins to collect information regarding your visit on our website anonymously.


3. Do Cookies contain personal data?

Cookies themselves do not solicit personal information that could be used and, in most cases, they do not personally identify the internet users. The personal data collected by Cookies can be collected only to facilitate certain functionalities for the user. This data is encrypted in a way that makes it impossible for unauthorised people to access it. 


4. Deleting Cookies

Generally, an application used to access websites implicitly enables cookies installed in the terminal. These settings can be changed so that the automatic management of Cookies is blocked by the browser or so that the user is notified each time Cookies are sent to the terminal. You can find more detailed information regarding the Cookie settings in the application’s settings menu (in your browser). Blocking Cookies can affect certain webpage functions.

You can withdraw your consent to use Cookies at any given moment by clicking the “Cookies” button. The button is permanently displayed in the lower right corner of the page once you have given your consent for the use of Cookies. If you withdraw your consent, all Cookies that collect personal data will be deleted from your terminal. 


5. Why are Cookies important for the internet?

Cookies represent the central point in the efficient functioning of the internet and they help generate a friendly navigation experience, adapted to each user’s preferences and interests. By refusing or deactivating the Cookies, some sites may be impossible to use.

The fact that you refuse or you deactivate the Cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online ads – it merely means that the ads will no longer be based on your preferences and interests shown through the navigation behaviour.

Examples of important uses of Cookies (that do not require the user’s authentification through an account): 

  • Content and services adapted to the user’s preferences – categories of products and services.
  • Offers adapted to the user’s interests.
  • Maintaining parental control filters on internet content (family mode options, safe search functions). 
  • Limiting the ads frequency – limiting the number of times an ad is shown to a certain user on a site.
  • Displaying advertising more relevant to the user.
  • Measuring, optimising and analysing traffic – they thus identify the level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how the user reaches a website (for example, through search engines, directly, from other websites etc.). These analyses are carried out in order to improve the websites and the user’s experience. 


6. Security and Confidentiality

Cookies are NOT viruses! They are text files. They are not compiled of code segments, therefore they are not executables and they cannot run themselves. Consequently, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks in order to run or replicate again. Since they cannot fulfil these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.

However, Cookies can be used with negative purposes. Since they store information regarding the user’s preferences and browsing history, both on a certain site and on the internet in general, Cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this fact and they constantly mark Cookies to be deleted within the antivirus/anti-spyware delete/scan procedures.

Browsers generally have integrated confidentiality settings that offer different levels of accepting Cookies, their validity period and automatic deletion after a user accessed a certain site.

Other security aspects regarding Cookies

Because protection of identity is very important and it represents each internet user’s right, it would be advisable for you to know what possible issues Cookies can create. Since, through Cookies, information between the browser and the website is continuously exchanged, if an attacker or an unauthorised person intervenes in the transmission of data, the information contained by the Cookies can be intercepted. Although it is very rare, it can happen if the browser connects to a server that uses an unencrypted network (for example: an unsecured Wi-Fi network).

Other attacks based on Cookies imply that the Cookies have the wrong settings on the servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, the attackers can use this vulnerability to trick the browsers to send information through the unsecured channels. The attackers then use the information in order to have unauthorised access on the website. It is important that you be very careful in choosing the best method of protecting your personal data.

Advice on a safe and responsible navigation based on Cookies

Due to their flexibility and to the fact that most of the greatest and most accessed sites use Cookies, they are almost inevitable. Deactivating Cookies will block the user’s access to the most widespread sites, such as YouTube, Gmail, Yahoo and others. 

Here is some advice that could ensure a safe navigation:

  • Customise your browser settings regarding Cookies, so that it reflects a level of Cookie use security that is comfortable to you. If Cookies do not bother you and you are the only person using that particular computer, you can set long expiration terms for the storage of the browser history and of the access personal data. If you share that particular computer, you could consider setting the browser to delete individual browsing data each time you close the browser. This is a means of accessing the sites that plant Cookies and to delete any access information at the end of the session.

  • Constantly install and update anti-spyware applications. Many of the spyware detection and prevention include site attack detection. Thus, they prevent the browser to access websites that could exploit the browser’s vulnerabilities or that could download dangerous software. 

  • Make sure that your browser is always updated. Many of the attacks based on Cookies are made by exploiting the weak points of the older versions of the browsers.

Cookies are everywhere and they cannot be avoided is you wish to have access to the best and greatest sites – local or international sites. Through a clear understanding of their means of operation and of the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you could confidently navigate the internet. 

Deactivating and refusing Cookies can make certain sites inaccessible or difficult to access and use. Furthermore, a refusal of Cookies does not imply the fact that you will no longer receive/see online advertising. 

All modern browsers offer the possibility to change the Cookie settings. These settings are usually in the “options” or in the “preference” menu of your browser. 

In order for you to understand these settings, the following links may be useful. You can also use the “Help” option on your browser for further information. 

In the case of third-party Cookie settings:


7. Useful Links

If you wish to know more about Cookies and what they are used for, we recommend the following links: 
Microsoft Cookies guide
All About Cookies

Our Mission

To cultivate clarity, partnerships and management processes within and between organisations, communities and authorities to make projects that everyone wants.

Our Values

Respect. We respect each other, our clients, our partners and the right of everyone to take part in decisions that affect them.

Clarity. We strive for clear understanding by all stakeholders of current realities, objectives, risks, aspirations and opportunities, in order to enable informed decisions.

Creativity. We work to stimulate creativity in thought and action, with a view to reach common objectives and mobilise required innovations.

Can-do. We believe there are solutions to our shared challenges and we know that together we can realise them.

Our Vision

Organisations, communities, government bodies and individuals are successful through contributing to a prosperous and sustainable society.

Programme Overview

This document gives an overview of the project and some of its key considerations.

The project researched, developed, trailed & critically examined a successful approach* to enable developers and project neighbours to design energy projects wanted by both, through an inclusive and informed decision making process.

Results, guidance and case studies are provided to build confidence in the use of this approach

* Successfully applied to over 20 infrastructure, energy and natural resource projects in 10 countries.

Situation Analysis

When it comes to wind farms in Ireland, there are those who are totally in favour, those who are totally opposed, and many in between. Where do these vastly differing viewpoints come from?

Listening to, understanding and acknowledging the perspectives of neighbours, industry and government enables effective discussions in the decision making process.

Literature Review

Early on in the project, the solutions being offered through the building of a Social License to Operate (SLO) were examined through this literature review. The review digs deep into the opportunities & challenges therein.

The SLO concept is used extensively in the extractive industries. More recently it has been applied to wind farms.

Core to the approach is the examination and addressing of distributional and procedural justice issues as well as potential negative externalities associated with their operations

Guide to earning local support for energy projects in Ireland

While project developers put significant effort into a project’s readiness for finance, a strategic focus on what the project means for local communities is equally important.

This often requires a place where all potentially impacted individuals can find out the full facts of what is being proposed, before a project is designed.

But how can such a process be established? This guide looks at a process to do this.

Local Support Checklist

Experience from projects with potential community impacts – be it renewable energy infrastructure, natural resource developments, tourism or infrastructure – shows that there are some basic steps that a project developer, and a community, ignore at their peril.

This Quick Guide acts as an aid memoire to ensure these steps are taken in time.

Case Studies

Busy people want to see that an approach can deliver before adopting it. Especially an approach that requires some change and significant investment in time and resources.

If other peers in the industry have not tried it out yet and proven it works then this is more so the case. It would be nice if all solutions were de-risked before having to choose them. But being a leader in the field also has its benefits.

A series of projects have been undertaken to help demonstrate and build confidence in the approach outlined in the Guide to design projects wanted by both neighbours and developers.

To focus in on detail, each project demonstrates different combinations of aspects of the Guide.

Some of these case studies are named and are ongoing; others have preferred to remain unnamed for now.


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Next steps

Turning current community concerns into strengths through re-imagining how the wind industry designs projects is a great opportunity to significantly improve the earning of local support.

It also has great potential to contribute to another government policy pillar besides that of decarbonisation our economy: namely to meet our sustainable development goals.

To facilitate this, an accelerated process to address the concerns of decision makers so they have the confidence to embrace this opportunity is needed.

This section documents further work and research that will help this happen.